Tuesday, May 19, 2009

Paging Mr. Attanasio, Part II

I'm preparing this concept to send to the Milwaukee Brewers, for their consideration. I know the odds are long, but the Brewers do have a history of getting logo inspiration from fans.

The design is being refined from earlier versions. I'm nearing a final version soon.

I've made no secret that I am no fan of the current Brewers uniforms. They're sterile and plain, designed by committee, but worst of all they have no connection with Milwaukee's rich baseball history.

Here's my proposal to give the current bearers of the name the unique and modern look they deserve, while at the same time honoring the whole of that history, including (and especially) the American Association Brewers.

The details, in no particular order:

Sleeve patch
For me, it all starts with bringing back the one, the original, the Beer Barrel Man. Symbol of Milwaukee baseball since at least 1901. Time he finally made the sleeves.

The script font on the home jersey is Saloonkeeper, based on the script used by Leinenkugel's. It's surprisingly similar to the script used by the Brewers in the 1940s. The road wordmark is based on a 1930s Pabst Blue Ribbon label - I'm terribly fond of that one.

The color scheme utilizes the blue and gold influenced by the current colors (the only thing I really flat-out love about the current scheme). I've moved the home uniform to a light cream to reflect Milwaukee's nickname as The Cream City, as well as the various historical baseball teams known as the "Creams" and "Cream Citys".

Accent Striping
I included the shoulder piping not only because it has an historical precedent, but would also create a pattern currently unique in the majors. Another way to instantly identify the team. The Brewers used a similar thick piping from 1996-1999, and it looked great.

Number font
The numbers are what I call a simple square block. Again, they could be as easily identifiable as the San Francisco Giants' numbers are, without either drawing too much attention or sacrificing legibility. FWIW, I'm basing these on a number font worn by the Packers in the 1940s.

The cap logo
I've always wanted to use a bottlecap in a Brewers concept. And the block "M" on the bottlecap clearly references the Milwaukee Braves and the American Association club.... okay, maybe I'm officially overthinking this one.

So there you go. Heavily influenced by the past while being distinctive and modern enough to work today.

I'm convinced. I hope Mr. Attanasio agrees.

Thursday, May 7, 2009

Your 1936 Champions

Color photos of the American Association Brewers are awfully hard to come by. The best sources are the Milwaukee newspapers and their Sunday color supplements.

We've previously seen gorgeous Milwaukee Sentinel color pics of the 1931 Brews at their Spring Training home in Arkansas. Not to be outdone, the Milwaukee Journal provides us with this look at the 1936 Brewers squad, who would go on to win the American Association pennant. This was published on Sunday, June 28, 1936:

(Click for larger version)

Top row, left to right: trainer Doc Buckner, Allan Johnson (p), Ted Gulic (of), Rudy York (1b), Herman "Hi" Bell (p), Lin Storti (3b) and assistant secretary Rudy Shaffer.
Third row: Jack Kloza (of), Clyde Hatter (p), Luke Hamlin (p), Garland Braxton (p), coach Red Smith and Forrest Pressnell (p).
Second row: George Detore (c), Chet Laabs (if), team president Henry Beadinger, manager Al Sothoron, team secretary Lou Nahim, Chet Morgan (rf) and Salvadore Hernandez (utility).
Front row: Eddie Hope (2b), Bill Brenzel (c), Bernard "Frenchy" Uhalt (cf), Joe Heving (p) and Chet Wilburn (ss).

There's so much to love about this picture.

The caption mentions that coach Red Smith (himself the subject of an earlier post) is "now managing the Brewer farm at Fieldale, Va." A reminder that as strange as it may seem to us now, larger independent clubs such as the Brewers had their own farm system.

Then there's the jacket Hi Bell and a couple of the others are wearing:

How very cool are those?

I also love the double-piping, red and blue. And white socks? Somehow, they work with this uniform (now, if only a certain misnamed squad in Chicago would take notice).

And finally, you can see that Doc Buckner is wearing a familiar road jersey.

The 1936 Brewers would finish the season 90-64, 5 games ahead of second-place St. Paul. It was the Brews' first pennant since 1914, and third overall.

This was also the first year that the American Association held a postseason playoff, with the winner representing the league in the Junior World Series. Known until 1932 as the "Little World Series", this annual match-up was founded in 1904, one year after the "other" World Series. was played between representatives of the AA and the International League.

The playoffs were the brainchild of Francis Joseph "Shag" Shaughnessy, president of the IL. In what would become known as the Shaughnessy Playoffs, the top four clubs in each league would face off in two rounds of best-of-seven postseason play, with the top finishing club playing its initial series against the third-place team and the season runners-up playing the fourth-place team. The winners of each series would play each other and the champion of that second round would advance to the Junior World Series as the AA's representative.

The International League was, naturally, the first to adopt the Shaughnessy Playoffs in 1933. Other leagues would follow, including the Texas League (1933) and Southern Association (1935). For the 1936 season, it was adopted by the Pacific Coast League and the American Association.

In this inaugral playoff, the Brewers first faced the Kansas City Blues, defeating them in four straight games, while the second-place St. Paul Saints fell to the fourth-place Indianapolis Indians in five. The Brewers then defeated Indianapolis in five games in the second round.

Over on the International League side, the Buffalo Bisons emerged to face Milwaukee. The Brews took the series, 4 games to 1, to win their first Junior World Series and cap off a championship season.

Wednesday, May 6, 2009

Beer Here!

These pics of Borchert Field come from the amazing LIFE Magazine photo archive hosted by Google Images.

These were taken by Frank Scherschel and have been dated July 7, 1949. Click each picture for a larger, uncropped version:

I've previously written about this archive on my Packers Uniforms blog The Wearing of the Green (and Gold), but completely missed these Borchert Field photos because they don't come up in a search for "Borchert Field" or "Brewers" or "Milwaukee" or even "baseball" - they're filed under "Beer Drinking". Go figure.

Hat tip to Lance Smith on the ever-indispensable Uni Watch blog.

Couple quick reactions: there's no mistaking the Orchard's power alleys. But folding chairs? And check out those huge aisle numbers painted on the concrete.

Once again, you can see the houses just across the street, over the left field fence. Borchert was many things, first and foremost a neighborhood ballpark.

Apparently, this particular section was pretty well-served by the concessionaires:

We also get a sense of the view from the cheaper seats (at least these guys get benches):

Finally, we're treated to a nice shot of some Milwaukee baseball fans enjoying the game. Not to mention the beer.

Hey, vendor - toss me one of those High Lifes!

Tuesday, May 5, 2009


This is the 1926 squad, who under first-year manager Jack Lelivelt went on a tear during the early part of the season.

The notation on the bottom - "Worlds Record 21 Straight Games Won" (May 25th to June 16th of that year), isn't quite correct. 21 wins in a row was an American Association record, but not a professional baseball record. The New York Giants won 26 straight games in 1916. The Brewers' streak would tie with the Chicago Cubs of both 1880 and 1935. The longest American League streak is 20 games, set by the 2002 Oakland Athletics.

Buoyed by their streak, the Brewers finished the season 93-71. Their .567 mark was good for third place in the American Association behind Indianapolis (94-71) and first place Louisville (105-62).

Lelivelt then guided the Brews to a second place finish in 1927, and third in 1928, befor being fired during the 1929 season. He moved on to the Los Angeles Angels of the Pacific Coast League, where he would have considerably more success, winning 137 games(!) in 1934. He left the Angels to scout for the Cubs in 1937 before returning to the PCL the following year to take the helm of the Seattle Rainiers, where he stayed until he died of a heart attack in January 1941.

Sitting next to Lelivelt in the suit is team owner Otto Borchert. This would be his last team photo - he died the night before the 1927 season opener while speaking before 700 fans at a dinner honoring his team at the Milwaukee Elks Club.

Also notable in the photograph (back row, far left) is the Brews' longtime trainer Doc Buckner, unjustly forgotten now but a legend in his time.

Seeing... Yellow?

All baseball fans know about Charlie Finley's orange baseball, one in a long string of (if you'll forgive me) colorful ideas from the man who brought you white cleats, moustachioed players, and mule mascots named after the owner. 

Finley thought that the orange baseball's increased visibility would boost batting averages and home runs, sparking increased interest in the game.

What isn't commonly known is that although Finley was ahead of his time in many respects (such as pushing for World Series games to be played at night), the idea of a baseball specifically colored for increased visibility had first been floated nearly fifty years earlier, during a Brewer game at Athletic Park:

Similar experiments were conducted in 1938 by the Brooklyn Dodgers (in the first game of a doubleheader against the Cards on August 2 of that year), and by Columbia University (against Fordham on April 27th). Like Finley's "alert orange" ball, the yellow baseball came and went, failing to dethrone Mr. Spalding's classic white ball.

The idea would eventually take hold, but in an altogether different sport. On November 17, 2004, the US Mens National Soccer team played a World Cup qualifying semifinal match against Jamaica using Nike's "Total 90 Aerow Hi-Vis" ball, which was designed to provide maximum visibility through its distinctive yellow color.

The ball was subsequently adopted by the Premier League in England, where the basic design continues to be used in winter months.

So Finley was in a sense on to something. Still mad about the DH, though.

Monday, May 4, 2009

Called Up to the Big Leagues

Ironically, the Brewers' success in the 1940s was responsible for the club's eventual departure from the Cream City. By making organized baseball aware of Milwaukee's devoted baseball culture, the Brewers put Milwaukee on the map as a possible relocation site for Major League teams struggling at the gate.

Enter Milwaukee County Stadium. Built on the site of Story Quarry, close to freeways with more than enough room in all directions for both parking and expansion (not to mention tailgating), County Stadium was built specifically to lure a big-league club, and it worked.


But let's back up for a moment. As early as January 1941, Milwaukee was publicly searching for a major league franchise. The city fathers knew that Borchert Field wouldn't be able to host a major league club, so a replacement was needed. This is from Stoney McGlynn's column in the Milwaukee News-Sentinel sports page on Sunday, January 12, 1941:

(click pictures to see full articles)

It is extremely likely that Milwaukee will get its much needed sports stadium at long last.

Almost everyone agrees on the need of the stadium to house the Milwaukee Brewers. and the football Chiefs and Packers, other sports events and as the central point for drum corps and band competition at the national convention of the American Legion.

Everyone knows about Lou Perini and the Milwaukee Braves. But before the Perini left Boston, another team had been looking at County with envy in its eye - the lowly Browns of St. Louis, owned by one Bill Veeck.

Bill Veeck longed to move his Browns from St. Louis back to Milwaukee, where they had started as... the Brewers. Veeck knew and loved Milwaukee from his days as a Brewer owner during World War II, knew what kind of reception a big league club could expect and wanted to be at the head of that parade.

Ten years later, in May of 1951, a deal was reported near to bring the Browns to Milwaukee. The New York Times reported that Frederick C. Miller (of Miller Brewing) and Bill Veeck were set to buy the club, and that Fred Saigh, the owner of the Cardinals at the time, would buy Sportsman's Park from them as the exclusive and permanent home of the Redbirds.

Although all partied involved were shocked, shocked to hear of such a deal, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch was reporting "a good possibility the Browns would be in Milwaukee before the 1952 season opens." Veeck would complete his purchase of the club (minus Fred Miller) in July of 1951, but wasn't able to put a relocation package together for the 52 season.

Still, County Stadium was a significant attraction. It was prominently mentioned as a home for the Browns in this February 24, 1953 New York Times article on struggling two-team cities. At the time, it was clear that St. Louis could not support two Major League teams, and as strange as it may seem to us now to envision the Cardinals in another city, both ballclubs were exploring relocation options:

And sure enough, that's exactly what Veeck tried to do. Never one to be constrained by the rules of baseball's Brahmin men, Veeck officially applied for permission to move the Browns back to Milwaukee for the 1953 season. The first stumbling block was thrown up by the Braves.

The official reason given was that the Braves couldn't afford to lose such a valuable AAA franchise as the Brewers.

Milwaukee, for its part, was happy to oblige Sport Shirt Bill, as seen in this New York Times article from March 5, 1953:

Commissioner Ford Frick soon weighed in, claiming that "such a move is completely impractical at this late date".

Veeck is not the only one to suggest that he himself was one of the reasons that organized baseball tried to put the brakes on his move. He was long distrusted by the baseball establishment for his carny-barker ways and unpolished manner. They saw him, no doubt, as a clown without the proper reverence for the sport. He saw them, in turn, as stuffy and humorless.

Regardless of the reason behind baseball's reluctance, Governor Walter Kohler responded strongly to it, and the Wisconsin State Senate asked both Frick and the Braves to get out of Milwaukee's way.

Perini upped the ante the next week, proposing a major league rule that would prohibit "the transfer of a big-league franchise to a minor league city" before October 1st.

Meanwhile, in St. Louis, "Gussie" Busch, heir to Anheuser-Busch, bought the Cardinals. This guaranteed that the Redbirds would stay put and that the Browns be the one to move. Once again, a Milwaukee connection developed, as a competing brewery (Miller?) opened talks to bring the Browns north:

Perhaps the Braves' move was inevitable. Perhaps Veeck forced Perini's hand, threatening to take away his fallback plan to staying in Boston. What is certain is that just two weeks after the Braves blocked Veeck's attempt to relocate to Milwaukee, at the same time promising not to "stand in the way of Milwaukee getting into the major leagues," they themselves announced their move to their AAA home. Frick's objections to a last-minute move vanished, and baseball approved the transfer, and Milwaukee raised a glass to its new big league club.

And that, as they say, was that.

The Braves ruled Milwaukee, and Veeck was forced to sell the Browns on their way to Baltimore, perhaps vindicating his claim that the primary objections to the Browns' move was the man proposing it. The Brewers moved to Toledo, becoming the new incarnation of the Mud Hens, with only a minor uniform change:

They stayed in Toledo for three seasons before transferring for two seasons to Wichita, Kansas (taking the parent club's "Braves" name), finally ending up in Ft. Worth Texas until the American Association folded in 1962, the final footnote to a proud chapter in baseball history.

Back to Stoney McGlynn's column, what's really interesting to me is the seventh paragraph:

Chance for Major League Berth
Although everyone knows the need of a sports stadium it is not generally known that with an up-to-date ballpark Milwaukee is a CINCH to take over the St. Louis Browns' American league franchise. I know the American league is willing to buy territorial rights to Milwaukee from the American association and that two Milwaukee capitalists are ready to purchase the Browns providing territorial rights are secured and a suitable park is available.

So a decade before Bill Veeck considered moving the Browns to Wisconsin (and years before he would even buy the Brewers), the Browns were rumored to be heading back to Milwaukee.

We don't know what that would have been like. But had Veeck been the one to move the Browns back to Milwaukee, then the Cream City's baseball history would have been very different.

It seems likely that Veeck would have changed the name of the team back to "Brewers", given his history with the name. And with the combination of his promotional talents and Milwaukee's love of the game, there's no reason that a new American League Brewers, built directly on the foundation of the American Association club, couldn't have had a long and successful stay in the majors.

And perhaps we wouldn't have to lobby the Brewers today to put Owgust on the sleeves.

Sunday, May 3, 2009

Baseball, football, and - soccer?

We've talked a little about Borchert Field's time as an NFL stadium, and its baseball history is well known, but the corner of 7th and Chambers was home to more than just the Brewers and Packers.

Reportedly, the field was flooded and frozen during the winter months so Borchert could host hockey games. And given Borchert's long history and Milwaukee's great local soccer tradition, it shouldn't surprise anyone that the Orchard should have seen its share of the Beautiful Game.

This photo was taken sometime in the early 1950s, during a game between a group of Wisconsin All-Stars and the Hungarian Tigers, a (now defunct) Milwaukee semi-pro team:

I love this photo, with the row of houses visible just behind the outfield bleachers. It really captures Borchert's neighborhood quality.